Fillings are a form of treatment which removes decayed tissue and replaces the affected tooth structure. It is called a filling because new material fills the hole that decay has left. In years past, the filling material was a silver alloy, which contained mercury. Now, most teeth are restored with bonded tooth colored composite resin material. If the area is caught early, the carious lesion (cavity) can be treated easily and painlessly. If the infected tissue is not treated, the decay can lead to tooth pain and even infection, which may require the tooth to have root canal treatment or extraction.
Adhesive bonding involves adhering composite resin material to the dentin and enamel of a natural tooth. This form of treatment can repair damage done to the tooth by decay, alter the alignment of the tooth, close gaps between teeth, or just improve the appearance cosmetically. After all carious (decayed) tissue has been removed, a gel is applied to micro-etch the tooth surface. The etched surface is then prepared for the restorative resin with a primer/bond agent so that a good bond is achieved. Then a composite resin material(s) is selected by the dentist to artistically fill the void, while enhancing the appearance of the tooth. Materials may be placed in increments to achieve a natural appearance. After each application of material, an intense white light is used to harden the material. Finally, the hardened composite resin is shaped and polished to get a lustrous finish.
Sealants (fissure sealants) are a form of therapy used to fill in the narrow grooves found in the chewing portion of a tooth. Many teeth have deep grooves that cannot be adequately cleaned by brushing. Tooth structure that has fine grooves or pits can accumulate plaque even if a person is a "good brusher." The grooves are so narrow that even toothbrush bristles cannot clean out the bacterial plaque acids which "attack" the tooth tissue. These areas can develop cavities over time, So the dentist will brush on a coating that seals the grooves and pits, making it possible to brush off all the plaque and keep your teeth healthy.
NON-SURGICAL GUM TREATMENTS
The gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth, form the foundation for one's teeth. All structures are also referred to as the periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium (gum disease) may be as follows: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth. Any of these signs may mean something is wrong. With the proper care, however, it may be possible to return them to a healthy state. This is where appropriate gum treatments come in. If you're having a problem, come in and see us so we can take care of it right away. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planing done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. If the gum disease gets too severe it may need to be treated through surgery or extraction. This is why it is important to get it treated at the first sign of a problem.
This is a focused beam of X-Ray particles through bone which produces an image on special film, showing the structure through which it passed. This gives the familiar black and white images a doctor uses to diagnose dental health and disease. X-rays are an essential part of the diagnostic process, and not using them may result in undiagnosed disease. Without an X-ray of the whole tooth, and supporting bone and gum tissues, there is no real way to detect infection or pathology that requires attention.
Our office has digital radiography which allows us to take X-rays using much less radiation than conventional X-rays. Coupled with computer monitorying, digital x-ray technology allows us to enhance an image for better diagnosis of any dental concerns.